Monday, October 12, 2015

The last moments of Edith Cavell

Early in the morning of October 12, 1915, Edith was taken by car to the Tir National shooting range. Philippe Baucq was to be shot with her. Their sentences were read aloud before a large group of German soldiers. The firing squad of 16 was advised to not hesitate to shoot the woman before them: the nature of her crimes deserved it. Pastor Le Seur was with her and she asked him to relay a message to Rev. Gahan. Speaking in French, she asked that her mother be told that her soul was safe, her conscience at peace, and that "Je meurs pour Dieu et ma patri" (she was dying for God and her country).

Pastor Le Seur then led her to the pole and waited while she was loosely tied and blindfolded...

Excerpt from "Edith Cavell: Patriotism is not Enough" from Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resisters, Spies, Soldiers, and Medics.

Sunday, October 11, 2015

The trial and sentencing of Edith Cavell

Edith Cavell
Courtesy of St. Mary's Church, Swardeston, Norfolk

On October 7, 35 resisters were tried as a group in Belgium's senate chamber. Edith was the first defendant to take the stand. She was asked, "Do you realize that by [helping men escape] it has been to the disadvantage of Germany and to the advantage of the enemy?" Edith replied, "My aim was not to help your enemy but to help those men who asked for my help to reach the frontier. Once across the frontier, they were free."

On October 11, the defendants were marched into a room in the Saint-Gilles prison to hear their sentences read. Some of them were acquitted; some were sentenced to hard labor and others to prison. Five of them heard their names read followed by the German word todesstrafe: the death penalty. One of these was Edith Cavell.

A German pastor named Paul Le Seur escorted Edith to her cell and was given the task of telling her she had only hours to live: her sentence was to be carried out the very next day at dawn.

From "Edith Cavell: Patriotism is Not Enough" from Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resisters, Spies, Soldiers, and Medics.

Trial and sentence of French resister Louise Thuliez

Louise Thuliez
Courtesy of Vincent Boez

"Louise, Philippe, Edith, and many others were all brought to trial on the same day, October 7, 1915. Louise was called to the stand directly after Edith. She was asked many questions designed to reveal the organization system of the escape network; the Germans wanted to know who was in charge. But they were disappointed: this group has worked together on terms of equality. There was no "chief."

When they had finished questioning Louise, and she was in the process of returning to her seat, the prosecutor suddenly asked her one  more question: What was her motive for becoming involved in rescuing Allied soldiers? "Because I am a Frenchwoman" she replied.

All of the court proceedings were conducted in German, with French translations for the prisoners. When they heard their sentences read on October 11, the prisoners heard one German word repeated five times: "Todesstrafe." When the interpreter read the sentences in French, they realized what Todesstrafe meant: five of them, including Philippe, Edith, and Louise, had been sentenced to death.

Louise woke up at six the following morning with a feeling of dread. 'I am afraid,' she said to her cellmate, 'afraid for Edith Cavell.'"

From "Louise Thuliez: Because I am a Frenchwoman" from Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resisters, Soldiers, Spies and Medics.

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Emilienne Moreau and the Germans

"...The Moreau house was not large, and the wounded kept coming. The rescue station was expanded to include the house next door. An enormous hole was made in one of the walls so the wounded men could be moved in and out more easily.

Shortly afterwards, Emilienne was caring for a wounded soldier in the expanded station when a bullet suddenly whizzed through a hole in the wall and just past her head. When she turned to see where the bullet had come from, she saw the silhouettes of two approaching Germans. She grabbed a revolver that had been left by one of the male nurses and fired..."

Excerpt from "Emilienne Moreau: The Teen Who Became a National Symbol" from Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resissters, Soldiers, Spies, and Medics.

Emilienne Moreau and the Scottish soldiers in Loos

"...Emilienne ran down the stairs, out of the house, and towards the tombs. She saw what looked like "strange beings with enormous eyes" who seemed to have pipes for noses. And to top it off, these strange creatures were wearing skirts. They were Scottish soldiers wearing kilts and gas masks: the Highlanders of the Ninth Black Watch, so named because their kilts were dark.

Emilienne, who didn't speak English, frantically tried to make one of the officers understand that his men were walking towards their deaths. She offered to guide them in such a way that they would avoid the gun nests in the tower bridge and the long slag heap.

With Emilienne's help the Scottish troops moved safely around the gun nests and took them out..."

Excerpt from "Emilienne Moreau: The Teen Who Became a National Symbol" from Women Heroes of World War I: 16 Remarkable Resisters, Soldiers, Spies, and Medics.